Social-Ecological Model

Social-Ecological Model

Research suggests that the social, physical and policy environments impact on the ability or likelihood of individuals to participate in physical activity or sedentary behaviours.Human behaviour is difficult to change, especially in an environment that does not support change. To increase physical activity and decrease sedentary behaviours, efforts need to focus not only on the behaviour choices of each individual but also on factors that influence those choices. The social-ecological model helps to identify opportunities to promote participation in physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviours by recognising the multiple factors that influence an individual’s behaviour. Efforts to change behaviour are more likely to be successful when the multiple levels of influence are addressed at the same time.

Barriers to physical activity are shared among the community as a whole. As these barriers are lowered or removed, behaviour change becomes more achievable and sustainable and a society can become more active.

The most effective approach, leading to increases in physical activity levels and decreases in sedentary behaviours, is a combination of the efforts at all levels – individual, interpersonal, organizational, community, and public policy.



Comments